Dementia is a chronic disorder of the mental processes often caused by brain disease or injury which is manifested with memory disorders, personality changes and impaired reasoning. This medical condition causes a long term and usually a gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember and that affects the patient’s daily functioning.
Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases and includes vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia and affects 60-80% of all cases. If the root cause is not treated the dementia slowly progresses and the situation becomes much worse. Some of the most common symptoms of this medical condition are apathy, depression and memory loss.
Some of the risk factors that can be controlled and successfully treated are:
Lack of physical activity Impaired thyroid function High cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and other cardiovascular problems Malnutrition/Vitamin deficiencies Medication that worsens the condition Smoking Alcoholism Head injuries
9 ways to reduce the risk of dementia
Smoking is a habit that is detrimental and damages each part of your organism, including your brain. According to recent scientific studies, smokers have a 45% higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease in comparison with non- or ex-smokers.
Be more active
In order to stimulate the blood flow in your organism and get your heart pumping you need to exercise at a regular basis. Doctors explain that in order to prevent chronic issues you should exercise for at least half an hour on a daily basis.
Boost your vitamin B intake
It is scientifically proved that B vitamins reduce homocysteine or HC levels. This molecule damages the vascular system and substantially increases the risk of stroke, heart disease and other vascular issues. Therefore, in order to prevent age-related cognitive issues you need to increase the vitamin B intake. You should eat food rich in vitamin B or take supplements.
Boost your vitamin D intake
There are many separate studies which have proved that there is a strong link between vitamin D deficiency and cognitive issues/dementia. Vitamin D prevents brain damage so it is advisable to start taking supplements and prevent any further damage. In addition to that, you should spend more time in the sun and make sure to take a high-quality supplements, particularly during the winter months.
Scientists came to discovery that bilinguals have substantially lower risk of developing dementia unlike people who only speak one language. It is advisable to challenge your brain every day and thus delay the onset of memory loss and memory disorders.
Protect your head
You should always protect your head and thus prevent injuries. So, next time you ride a bike or walk on ice, you should wear a helmet.
Alcohol isn’t your friend
Drinking alcohol in excessive amounts is not healthy. Namely, too much alcohol increases the risk of dementia and that is one of the reasons why you should reduce the alcohol intake.
You should constantly keep a track on your weight, blood pressure as well as sugar and cholesterol levels in the blood. Medical experts that you need to pay more attention to the cardiovascular and metabolic health.
Doctors explain that our brain needs company, so try to spend more time with your friends and family. Isolating yourself is not the best choice for your overall and mental health.